Primary Source Railroad Strike 1877







There was absolutely no advanced planning, showing how many rank and file workers had the same concerns about quality of life, as well as the same anger at those who controlled the wealth. Describe the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. The depression of 1893 naturally affected the business at once Matters grew worse until, in the fall of 1893, the company closed its Detroit shops, employing about 800, and concentrated its contract and repair business at Pullman. Congress Takes Aim at the Chinese Menace. Overview of the West and Industrial Period The growth of the west in the late 1800's had a major impact on American life as well as Native American life. Students will examine primary sources to understand Pullman’s contributions to the railroad industry in the nineteenth century. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Thursday, April 28, 2016. Striking workers would not allow any of the trains, mainly freight trains, to roll until this third wage cut was revoked. 5 billion to complete but had a remarkably low-key debut for such an important project, perhaps reflecting growing criticism that the railroad is doomed…. Each campaign book has either a table of contents or alphabetical index or both. Rutherford B. AP Exam Review C Ms. My teacher does not want us to use Wikipedia since the information changes too much. 1877: National Railroad Strike. I have to do a paper on the railroad strike of 1877, but I find that there is too many websites. Although by the 1870s labor unions were retreating from using strikes as a weapon, that decade witnessed a series of strikes that were unprecedented in size and violence. This strike finally ended some 45 days later, after it was put down by local and state militias, and federal troops. Primary Source Documents 100 Milestone Documents Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820's) Expansion and Reform (1801-1868). unveiled in 2013 commemorating the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877, hosted by the University of Pittsburgh Library's Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania Labor Legacy project. The strike divided the nation. The Panic of 1873 is followed by several years of economic hard times. The Great Railway Strike of 1877 brought the nation's commerce to a screeching halt, and the violence that erupted in Baltimore and Pittsburgh shook the nation. Below, for your research and enjoyment, we present this work in progress. Sometime after July 22, 1877, Pittsburgh photographer S. AP Exam Review C Ms. Chicago's Strike Ordeal,1905. Louis general strike grew out of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. MCPHERSON* T HE deterioration of labor-management relations in Little 1Steel prior to World War II, which resulted in industrial. Strike on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad -- Temporary Delay of Trains --Interposition of the Police --A Riot at Martinsburg __ Canmakers' and Boxmakers Strikes in Baltimore, &c. Image from the August 11, 1877 issue of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends. Palmer & Co, 1877. In the following excerpts from Part 13 of his autobiography, he describes the great railroad strike. And second, the conflict that exploded in the remote. When the railroad announced a 10% cut in wages, workers called a strike from Baltimore to Chicago. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Organizing Strategies and Labor Violence The Farmers Organize The Labor Movement in Global Context The New Industrial Order: Defense and Dissent Defending the New Order Critiquing the New Order Global Passage: Titled Americans with Sources U. The depression of 1893 naturally affected the business at once Matters grew worse until, in the fall of 1893, the company closed its Detroit shops, employing about 800, and concentrated its contract and repair business at Pullman. RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877 Name Course Date 2 A reporter from the Baltimore Sun wrote the article The Baltimore and Ohio railroad strike. The railroad strike started with the demand for [] a 31% wage raise, plus a reduction of the workday and recognition of the small GdL union, which is not a part of the German union confederation (DGB), as a negotiator representing the engine drivers and ended with an 11% wage raise, reduction of the work week by one hour and recognition of. -This was a book about all of the strikes in 1877. The strikers refused to let the trains run until the most recent pay cut was returned to the employees. Nobody Here But Us Capitalists: Democracy, Big Business, and Progress at the turn of the 20th century. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 provoked the country's first major rail strikes in the nation's history. – Great Railroad Strike, 1877 – Homestead Steel Strike, 1890 • Direct primary. Louis, non-railroad workers also abandoned city businesses, creating one of the nation's first general strikes. freedoms and rights as workers. Subject All Subjects US History American Literature Science and Technology World History Arts African Americans Asian Americans Labor History Latino Americans Law and. When the Pullman Company slashed factory workers' wages in the summer of 1894, thousands of railroad workers went on strike and refused to run trains, including Pullman cars. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Organizing Strategies and Labor Violence The Farmers Organize The Labor Movement in Global Context The New Industrial Order: Defense and Dissent Defending the New Order Critiquing the New Order Global Passage: Titled Americans with Sources U. " 1877: America's Year of Living Violently. Workers grumbled about the loss of income in small groups, and by the end of the day railroad firemen began walking off the job. B&O Railroad has cut the pay of its workers for a 3rd time as the world economy continues on its death spiral. The 1,410 sq. - I think the Great Railroad strike of 1877 bit should be split off into a separate sentence. Denny's Curve, Opposite 33rd St. They had always sought to build up the industrial infrastructure of the south: lay down railroads, build roads and shipping. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 heralded a new era of labor conflict in the United States. The worker is being squeezed between low wages and high rents by his "fat-cat" employer. Following pay cuts, the strike begins on the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) line at Camden Junction, Maryland; additional strikes will follow, lasting a month. Andrew Jackson Jones, legislator, financier, and railroad president, was probably the son of William Jones of Bladen County. Chronology of Emancipation during the Civil War "Commit No Rash Act": Albert Parsons' Last Words to His Wife (1886) The Drama's of Haymarket. Compromise of 1877 Worksheets. 1877 Railroad Strike Like Morale After Fredericksburg , this assessment asks students to source and corroborate a document. Similar episodes occurred. It was thanks to the paranoid reaction - like Pinkerton's - to 1877's general railroad strike that we have national guard armories in major US cities. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877, hosted by the University of Pittsburgh Library's Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania Labor Legacy project. Heer Printing Company, 1924. In most of the strikes in the late 1800s, the United States government either did not intervene, or went so far as to intervene on the side of management. New York: A. The Importance of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 The great railroad strike of 1877 was the first major strike by an integral industry in the US. $6 per student, $5 per student for 3 sessions or more. Before coming to an end, it involved over 150,000 persons and twenty-seven states and territories and would paralyze the nations railway system. The viewer's guide contains background information on issues raised by the documentary as well as additional primary source materials for use in the classroom. In this lesson, students read parallel accounts from two opposing Chicago newspapers. But whereas the Pullman Strike and the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 have, as Case points out, received plenty of scholarly attention in recent years, the Great Southwest Railroad Strike of 1886 has not been the subject of a book-length monograph since Ruth Allen's The Great Southwest Strike (1942). Primary Sources from DocsTeach Thousands of online primary source documents from the National Archives to bring the past to life as classroom teaching tools. The list contains some casualties from the nationwide railroad strikes of July 1877, when 87 brakemen were fired for striking along the Q in Illinois between Galesburg and St. Babbitt, 1922: the general strike. Andrew Jackson Jones, legislator, financier, and railroad president, was probably the son of William Jones of Bladen County. 1877: The Grand Army of Starvation Viewer's Guide. The 1873 Panic and How It contributed to The Great Railroad Strike in 1877 The 1873 panic generated by industrial capitalism was the first global depression in the United States of America. And second, the conflict that exploded in the remote. When the Pullman Company slashed factory workers' wages in the summer of 1894, thousands of railroad workers went on strike and refused to run trains, including Pullman cars. Colonization, Settlement, and Communities (1607 to 1763) The Revolution and the New Nation (1763 to 1815) Expansion and Reform (1801 to 1861) Crisis of the Union: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850 to 1877) The Development of Modern America (1865 to 1920) Modern America and the World Wars (1914 to 1945). In the April Supreme Court decision, In Re Neagle, the Court holds that the President can, through the Attorney General, direct a U. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was a series of strikes by railroad workers in efforts to put an end to the abuse of government power and profiting by the railroad companies. The whole railroad industry came to a standstill for a period of about 45 days because of wage cuts, underpaid workers and harsh economic conditions in general. Railroad strike destruction at the 26th Street Pennsylvania Railroad Round House, July 14-27 1877, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. These are the sources and citations used to research Railroad strike of 1877. The Pittsburgh Insurrection and Railroad Strike of 1877. In the era of dramatic industrialization following the Civil War, the most powerful of the big business corporations were the railroad companies. - I think the Great Railroad strike of 1877 bit should be split off into a separate sentence. Choose from 500 different sets of 1877 present united flashcards on Quizlet. "I cherish New York, and the people of New York. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad firemen were soon joined by the employees of other rail lines in a sympathy strike. 21 The only major group of railroad workers with an established brotherhood, the engineers, attempted a strike in February 1876 in response to a ten percent pay cut. Even on personnel issues, the source of Adams’ discontent, Boutwell was sound by the standard of his era. Papenfuse's The Baltimore Railroad Strike and Riot of 1877, hosted by the Maryland State Archives. This The Outrage of Ordinary Men: Pennsylvania's Role in the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Lesson Plan is suitable for 9th - 12th Grade. Opposite 30th and 31st Sts. "The Great Railroad Riot," 26 July 1877 Introduction. The Pullman Strike of 1894 was one of the most influential events in the history of U. The strike began on July 16, 1877 and lasted nearly two weeks. RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877 Name Course Date 2 A reporter from the Baltimore Sun wrote the article The Baltimore and Ohio railroad strike. At the time, the nation was in the midst of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, the most violent labor strike to date in American history. April 23, 1878: Schoellkopf incorporates the Niagara Falls Hydraulic Power and Manufacturing. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *. Many historians date the first great industrial upheaval of American labor to July 16, 1877, when workers on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad began refusing to work in protest against a round of. intervened on the grounds that the strike was affecting. over the wealth of primary sources that document the course of the Colorado coalfield war, however, concur on a few crucial points. GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE, 1877. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 sometimes referred to as the Great Upheaval, began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) cut wages for the third time in a year. The workers of the railroad in 1877 went on a strike to show that they were infuriated by the fact that their pay was cut. The 1,410 sq. The Democratic Campaign books consist largely of speeches and articles written by party leaders which reflect the party's position on the issues of that particular campaign year. Great Railroad Strike (1877) Topic Ideas Taken From: Term Paper Resource Guide to Colonial American History by Roger M. freedoms and rights as workers. 13(4): 38-47. This instructional packet uses newspaper articles from the nineteenth century to create a case study of a significant event in American labor history, the Railroad Strike of 1877, frequently referred to as the Great Strike. The railroad also helped America by providing jobs to many. In July 1877, railroad workers across the country went on strike to protest wage cuts. The Baltimore railroad strike occurred in Baltimore, Maryland, as part of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, nationwide strikes and civil unrest following the global depression and economic downturns of the 1870s. Students will examine primary sources in order to understand the causes of the Pullman Strike of 1894. The Haymarket Massacre Archive. The strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers (AA) at the Homestead steel mill in 1892 was different from previous large-scale strikes in American history, such as the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 and the Great Southwest Railroad Strike of 1886. I am just starting this section, so check back later for more materials. home is a bed, bath property. There was absolutely no advanced planning, showing how many rank and file workers had the same concerns about quality of life, as well as the same anger at those who controlled the wealth. The railroad strike started with the demand for [] a 31% wage raise, plus a reduction of the workday and recognition of the small GdL union, which is not a part of the German union confederation (DGB), as a negotiator representing the engine drivers and ended with an 11% wage raise, reduction of the work week by one hour and recognition of. Striking workers would not allow any of the trains, mainly freight trains, to roll until this third wage cut was revoked. The Expansion of American Industry. What began as a walkout by railroad workers in the company town of Pullman, Illinois, escalated into the country's first national strike. Marshal to accompany and protect federal judges from assault, thus establishing one of the primary missions of the Marshals Service to protect the federal judiciary. Below, for your research and enjoyment, we present this work in progress. In 1877, there was another strike – this time the general strike included all the workers on the line. Resources on Incorporating Primary Sources and Historic Sites in Classroom Instruction. 20 Railroad employees faced harsh conditions during the panic and subsequent depression, as workers lacked organization and could not collectively respond to wage cuts. Rutherford B Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory. Las Vegas and the Railroad. Report of the President and Managers of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Co. railroad a feeling of bitterness against the Company, growing out of the suspicion that the numerous reductions in their wages within the past year or two have been the result of mere greediness and selfishness on the part of the management of the road, having no reference whatever to. ) of dozens (both prominent and average) slaveholding families from plantations in Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina South Carolina, Georgia, and Virginia. 4, September, 1877) --Railway strikes: what should be done in the way of prevention and control / a paper by E. Pullman Strike When the Pullman Company slashed factory workers' wages in the summer of 1894, thousands of railroad workers went on strike and refused to run trains, including Pullman cars. The Burlington railroad strike of 1888 was a failed union strike which pitted the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (B of LE), the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen (B of LF), and the Switchmen's Mutual Aid Association (SMAA) against the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (CB&Q) its extensive trackage in the Midwestern United States. The President had his own source. In most of the strikes in the late 1800s, the United States government either did not intervene, or went so far as to intervene on the side of management. during the 19th century. Add to Wishlist. The Railroad Strike of 1877 and the Pullman Strike of 1894 will be two prime examples that will help explain the railroad didn’t always benefit everyone. May 1, 1877: Jacob Schoellkopf and his associates purchase the Hydraullic Canal. In honor of the 100th anniversary of the 1907 Carmen’s strike in San Francisco and the 1877 national railway strike, the San Francisco Labor Council is presenting the video “The Grand Army of Salvation” (28 minutes) by the American Social History Project. This made it easier to conduct my research on turning points for the railroad strike. Source: "The Great Railroad Strike," New York Times (21 Jul 1877), 4. Workers grumbled about the loss of income in small groups, and by the end of the day railroad firemen began walking off the job. Rutherford B. New York: A. Pullman Strikes Out as a Model Town: Publications by the Industrial Workers of the World (University of Arizona Library) The Railroad Strike of 1877 (Historical Society of Berks County, PA) Religion and the Founding of America. Page-After-Page "Great Strike" Illustrations--The Sixth Maryland Fighting It's Way Through Baltimore--Blockade of Engines at Martinsburg, West Virginia---The Burning of The Lebanon Valley Railroad Bridge By Rioters---The Destruction of The Union Depot and Hotel At Pittsburgh---The Work of Destruction in Pittsburgh--View of the Pittsburgh Conflagration--The Burning of The Round-House at. Similar episodes occurred more frequently in the following decades. Rutherford B Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 heralded a new era of labor conflict in the United States. This was the year of the Great Railroad Strike, but Bellesiles also considers the impact of the disputed 1876 presidential election, the end of Reconstruction, economic depression, battles between the army and Plains Indians, and entrepreneurial events such as the forming of the Bell Telephone Association. The editorial that follows, which appeared in the New York Independent, condemned the strike even more strongly. Our Document Packets cover a variety of topics and eras in Maryland history and are designed to bring primary sources into the curriculum. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was the first major strike in an industry that propelled America's industrial revolution. Striking workers would not allow any of the trains, mainly freight trains, to roll until this third wage cut was revoked. George Pullman Answers His Strikers (1892) The Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Use the chart on the back of this page. The transcontinental railroad changed America in many ways both good and bad. Key Concepts Chart (Western Expansion) from the primary and secondary sources for “after” reading responses. Primary Sources Bellesiles, Michael A. Hayes will not object too much. Written by the communist Progressive Labor Party, this pamphlet was produced on the one-hundredth anniversary of the Great Strike. The widespread labor violence that threatened, by 1890, to spin out of control had exploded onto the national scene in 1877 with a railroad strike that crippled transportation throughout the Northeast. The failure of the strike led directly to the collapse of the Knights of Labor and the formation of the American Federation of Labor. This is a primary. He wanted Grover Cleveland, a Democrat like Truman's family, to win. Writing Assessment Rubric – Essay on the Causes and Consequences of The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Excellent Good Fair Needs Work Content/Focus Writing shows a well-reasoned perspective and thorough understanding of the events of The Great Railroad Strike of 1877. The Panic of 1873 is followed by several years of economic hard times. "the cigar-makers' strike. Demonstrations were held nightly in the sandlots surrounding City Hall in the Civic Center area. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Student Activity One: Comparing Primary and Secondary Sources. Day 2: At the beginning of class, the teacher will put an image of the Railroad Strike on the overhead projector for the students to analyze based on what they read in preparation for. Address of August Spies. The lecture will also include the reasons for the strike and events occurred as a result of the strike. over the wealth of primary sources that document the course of the Colorado coalfield war, however, concur on a few crucial points. The Great Strike of 1877 coming after the heels of the Civil war and in the midst of a time of economic upheaval in American society, this is not argued, this is the fact of the time. July 21, 1877: The Great Railway Strike of 1877 is underway across several states. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began in the month of July and started off in a town called Martinburg which was located in the state of West Virginia. The railroad also helped America by providing jobs to many. The Great Labor Uprising of 1877 (New York: Monad Press, 1977). Louis, non-railroad workers also abandoned city businesses, creating one of the nation's first general strikes. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 marked the beginning of serious concern over Communism in the internal affairs of the United States. Workers had the right to get their point across to the government because they were responsible for the workers' budget cuts. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877: Workers' Rights, Government Responsibilities Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev: Leading the World Out of the Cold War The Interstate Highway Act of 1956 and the Growth of Suburban America. Students will identify the benefits and costs of living in Pullman’s company town. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Thursday, April 28, 2016. Pullman Strike When the Pullman Company slashed factory workers' wages in the summer of 1894, thousands of railroad workers went on strike and refused to run trains, including Pullman cars. That year, mired in the stagnant economy that followed the bursting of the railroads' financial bubble in 1873, rail lines slashed workers' wages (even, workers complained, as they reaped enormous government subsidies and paid shareholders lucrative stock dividends). The emancipation of the Black man had undermined the very source of their fortunes which was the forced, plantation slave labor of the African. Great Southwest Railroad Strike and Free Labor Books and Articles—Primary Sources Adams, B. coal mining industry. Baltimore on July 20th, 1877 1783 - Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, June 20, Anti-government protest by soldiers of the Continental Army against the Congress of the Confederation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1786 - Shays' Rebellion, August 29, 1786 – February 3, 1787, Western Massachusetts 1788 - Doctors Mob Riot, New York City, New York 18th century – United States of America under the Constitution[edit] 1793 - New York City Brothel Riot, New York City, New York 1794 - Whiskey Rebellion. For each of events listed on the chart, list the concerns and. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was the response of outraged railroad workers to pay cuts, layoffs and the general profiteering of the large railroad companies during times of economic distress. The Pullman Strike of 1894 was the first national strike in United States history. Demonstrations were held nightly in the sandlots surrounding City Hall in the Civic Center area. Railroad Strike of 1877. Seemingly pathetic and seldom lasting more than a week or two, the significance of the strikes lay not in their success or failure but. (Often state militia or federal troops joined company guards (Pinkertons) to crush strikes. History in Context: Primary Sources 17. The strikes eventually erupted into riots in Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Chicago and St. intervened on the grounds that the strike was affecting. There was much less violence than the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, but after 10 months the very expensive company operation to permanently replace all the strikers was successful and the strike was a total defeat for them. Built between 1856 and 1857 at a cost of $600,000, Camden Station is a grand reminder of the long history of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in Baltimore. 50% over the life of the deal. Debs was born in Terre Haute, Indiana, on November 5, 1855. This is a primary. History of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Overview "The Great Railroad Strike of 1877" Numerous primary documents Youtube video Even more primary documents. Heer Printing Company, 1924. A primary source is any material providing a firsthand account of an event by an observer(s) or participant(s) or providing direct evidence concerning a topic under research. unveiled in 2013 commemorating the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Price: $10. The Pullman’s Strike of 1894 and Its Effects on the Labor Market and Economy. The B&O Railroad Strike of 1877 and Workers' Rights Immigration: Support Societies and Settlement Houses African American Teachers and Colored Schools Seek Equality The Women's Suffrage Movement in Maryland The Great Baltimore Fire of 1904 and Urban Reform Housing Segregation and Real Estate Practices in. Among its. Similar episodes occurred more frequently in the following decades. The great railroad strike of 1877 A. Louis general strike grew out of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Resources on Incorporating Primary Sources and Historic Sites in Classroom Instruction. The railroads were determined to honor their contracts with the PPCC, insisting that trains run with Pullman cars attached. o The strikers destroyed equipment and rioted in the streets of Pittsburgh and. This Pin was discovered by Brian H. February 1, 1877 The Electoral Vote Count of the 1876 Presidential Election February 21, 1885 A Joint Session to Commemorate the Completion of the Washington Monument December 12, 1900 Congress’s Centennial Celebration of Washington, D. Students will examine primary sources in order to understand the causes of the Pullman Strike of 1894. thinking and research skills and use primary and secondary sources to explore topical issues and to understand the cause for changes in the nation over time. This four-block district was known as “Black Wall Street,” a reference to the district of New York City that is home to the New York Stock Exchange and the nation’s great financial firms. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 sometimes referred to as the Great Upheaval, began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) cut wages for the third time in a year. July 16 – Great railroad strike of 1877: Riots by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad railroad workers in Baltimore, Maryland lead to a sympathy strike and rioting in Pittsburgh, and a full-scale worker's rebellion in St. Students will examine primary sources in order to understand the causes of the Pullman Strike of 1894. - I think the Great Railroad strike of 1877 bit should be split off into a separate sentence. View Kathy Norris, CIR’S profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. Carpenter. - view article - nytimes. Striking workers would not allow any of the trains, mainly freight trains, to roll until this third wage cut was revoked. The railroad also helped America by providing jobs to many. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Organizing Strategies and Labor Violence The Farmers Organize The Labor Movement in Global Context The New Industrial Order: Defense and Dissent Defending the New Order Critiquing the New Order Global Passage: Titled Americans with Sources U. In honor of the 100th anniversary of the 1907 Carmen’s strike in San Francisco and the 1877 national railway strike, the San Francisco Labor Council is presenting the video “The Grand Army of Salvation” (28 minutes) by the American Social History Project. Choose from 500 different sets of 1877 present united flashcards on Quizlet. Best Answer: The violence and disturbances that follow result in Federal troops being called out for the first time in a labor dispute. was launched in response to a wage cut. Workers across the world have been striking to protest poor working conditions, to speak out against sexual harassment, and to. Survey of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, a series of violent rail strikes across the United States. Individual Student Research: A chance for individual students to conduct primary source research under the guidance of an MdHS educator. He was the only one to purchase one of Day's power sites. More than 100,000 workers participated in the strikes, at the height of which more than half the freight on the country's tracks had come to a halt. This Court cannot decide that a charge is wrong which submits it to the jury to say whether a wharf was a public place upon which all persons were accustomed to come and go at pleasure, and were by law permitted so to do, when the record does not. The First Transcontinental Railroad, the Railroad Strike of 1877, the Annexation of Hawaii, The Federal Reserve System - The history of the United States of America is the foundation of the world we live in today. They had always sought to build up the industrial infrastructure of the south: lay down railroads, build roads and shipping. A strike against the Baltimore & Ohio railroad ignites a series of strikes across the Northeast. Expert Answers. You can also suggest a primary source set topic or view resources for National History Day. Louis, non-railroad workers also abandoned city businesses, creating one of the nation's first general strikes. attention of the 1877 Railroad Strike. Strikes/Riots The "Great Upheaval" of 1877, which began in Baltimore, Maryland, and Martinsburg, West Virginia, as a railroad strike against wage cuts during a severe economic depression, quickly spread west and to other industries. To see what you know about the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, answer these quiz questions on key topics like the reason that the National Guard wasn't effective against the 1877 railroad strikes. Digital History, 2013 THE GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 for kids Rutherford Hayes was the 19th American President who served in office from March 4, 1877 to March 4, 1881. Neversink Mountain Railroad Commenced operating in June 30,1890, the third electric railroad in the United States, and the first electric railroad in America operated by water power. "The Great Insurrection. history up to that point during his first year in office. RR companies cut workers’ wages in 1873, 1877. Annotation: The total miles of railroad track in the United States increased from just 23 in 1830 to 35,000 by the end of the Civil War to a peak of 254,000 in 1916. RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877 Name Course Date 2 A reporter from the Baltimore Sun wrote the article The Baltimore and Ohio railroad strike. In Pittsburgh, militia bayoneted and fired on rock-throwing strikers, killing 20 people and wounding 29 others. This political cartoon from 1902 is referring to child labor. Kansas was largely spared from the impact of the strike until September 1877, explains Harris, a Wichita attorney and author. A spectacular example of collective violence, the Great Strikes of 1877 was the first national strike and the first major strikes against the railroad industry. New York State Library. Rent textbook American Horizons U. Materials: Classroom United States history texts; Student Notebooks; Transcriptions from The Albany Argus: Document # 1 - July 17, 1877 front page report: Serious Strike; Document # 2A - July 20, 1877 editorial: The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Strike. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Organizing Strategies and Labor Violence The Farmers Organize The Labor Movement in Global Context The New Industrial Order: Defense and Dissent Defending the New Order Critiquing the New Order Global Passage: Titled Americans with Sources U. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States and ended some 45 days later after it was put down by local and state militias, and federal troops. Students will identify the benefits and costs of living in Pullman's company town. o The strike began in the eastern railroads because the company announced a 10 percent wage cut and which soon expanded into something approaching a class war. Many people were yearning for this nostalgic, peaceful life after the economic disaster caused by the Panic of 1873 and a year of the labor unrest, the Great Railroad Strike, Indian Wars, and violence. The Great Railroad Strike (1877) First major interstate strike in US. This Pin was discovered by Brian H. "The Great Insurrection. I can explain how a variety of perspectives on the economy AND labor developed during a time of financial panics and downturns. Contemporary American Wood Engraving. Denise Khor is research director for the Chinese Railroad Workers in North America Project, Stanford University. Working men responded in revolt against low wages during the nation's depression cycle which took place in West Virginia. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Price: $10. Pitched battle between workers and armed security left 12 men dead. by Titchener, William D. In the 1850 census he was recorded as a twenty-four-year-old farmer in [] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press. This starts the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. The Burlington railroad strike of 1888 was a failed union strike which pitted the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (B of LE), the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen (B of LF), and the Switchmen's Mutual Aid Association (SMAA) against the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (CB&Q) its extensive trackage in the Midwestern United States. Railroad strike of 1877 spread across the country, needed troops to stop it. Comparing Primary and Secondary Sources• In this activity, you will compare how the Railroad Strike of 1877 (sometimes called "The Great Strike of 1877") is reported in the textbooks with several actual reports of the strike printed in an important newspaper from that time period, The Albany Argus. B&O Railroad Museum. Unfortunately, human nature often gets the best of us and greed kicks into high gear. Subject All Subjects US History American Literature Science and Technology World History Arts African Americans Asian Americans Labor History Latino Americans Law and. The strike began in Martinsburg, West Virginia, on July 16, 1877, after workers of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad were informed that their pay would be cut 10 percent. As the strike proceeded, rail lines were shut down and the railroads formed the General Managers Association (GMA), an organization of twenty-four railroad companies operating in or through Chicago. Strikes/Riots The "Great Upheaval" of 1877, which began in Baltimore, Maryland, and Martinsburg, West Virginia, as a railroad strike against wage cuts during a severe economic depression, quickly spread west and to other industries. Knd of the Chinese Laborers Strike—The Movement Instigated by Designing White Men. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began on July 17, 1877, in Martinsburg, West Virginia. (The accused must have a trial. This is a primary. It foreshadows the national security mentality of our own era's "war on terror. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 provoked the country's first major rail strikes in the nation's history. The Baltimore railroad strike occurred in Baltimore, Maryland, as part of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, nationwide strikes and civil unrest following the global depression and economic downturns of the 1870s. 5,000 in 1876. Title: The great railroad strike of July 1877 Date Created/Published: 1877. The Weekly Floridian ( April 21, 1887 ) Item menu. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 for kids Rutherford Hayes was the 19th American President who served in office from March 4, 1877 to March 4, 1881. The Great Railroad Strike of 1922, commonly known as the Railway Shopmen's Strike, was a nationwide strike of railroad workers in the United States. " Railroads and the Making of Modern. In 1877, President Rutherford Hayes addressed the American approach to dealing with Native Americans, saying: Indian wars have had their origin in broken promises and acts of injustice on our part” Which of the following statements about the cowboys’ frontier is NOT true?. The dismissal data show that workers were fired for striking. There was much less violence than the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, but after 10 months the very expensive company operation to permanently replace all the strikers was successful and the strike was a total defeat for them. Within a short period of time, it became an emergency situation affecting many people's lives throughout the nation. By the end of July 13, workers successfully blocked freight trains around the Baltimore area and in West Virginia. 1877 Railroad Strike Like Morale After Fredericksburg , this assessment asks students to source and corroborate a document. Key Concepts Chart (Western Expansion) from the primary and secondary sources for “after” reading responses. July 21, 1877: The Great Railway Strike of 1877 is underway across several states. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 heralded a new era of labor conflict in the United States. He retired from journalism to become superintendent of the San Francisco Mint, 1897-1907. Lucy Parsons, as a WPUSA partisan, was actively involved in the strike. Opposite 30th and 31st Sts. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began to lose momentum when President Hayes sent federal troops from city to city. For each of events listed on the chart, list the concerns and. Hayes to win the presidency after the disputed 1876 election. Name_____ Primary Source Analysis: The Great Rail Road Strike of 1877. In response, the railroad announced a ten percent pay cut for all employees. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877: Workers’ Rights, Government Responsibilities; Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev: Leading the World Out of the Cold War; The Interstate Highway Act of 1956 and the Growth of Suburban America; The Truman Doctrine: Setting American Foreign Policy in the Cold War. The strike was fueled by several things, one the decrease of the wages being paid to the employees and the 1873 depression. Roots of American Society & Culture and War for Independence. The strike divided the nation. Red-Handed Murder. Primary sources are also included (be sure to click on the paper clip and/or info icon on each item to find out more about it). attention of the 1877 Railroad Strike. It became the first massive strike of American workers, and was viewed at the. The Great Railroad Strike Of 1877 was a semi-spontaneous movement aimed at restoring a wage cut which began on July 26, 1877 along the Baltimore & Ohio. Richard Olson's The Strike of 1877. An analysis of the labor disputes and strikes that took place during these years indicates that the Guard was used sparingly and with great reluctance by state authorities. The outcome - railroad workers returned to their jobs at the reduced rates of pay. The following document tells the story of this strike from the viewpoint of Allan Pinkerton, one of the founders of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency.